Dr Kieran Hand heads up the Antimicrobial Medicines Optimisation Workstream of the AMR Programme in NHS England as the national pharmacy and prescribing clinical lead. Kieran has worked as a specialist microbiology pharmacist in NHS hospitals for 17 years and as the chief pharmacist of an acute hospital Trust for 2 years. He led the team in University Hospital Southampton that developed the MicroGuide app. He has previously served on the Council of BSAC, the NICE Managing Common Infections guideline committee and the APRHAI scientific advisory committee. Kieran is an honorary associate professor at the University of Southampton with a research interest in decision-support for antimicrobial prescribing.